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    Morocco currency move a step in right direction: IMF

    05 Feb 2018

    Morocco’s new, more flexible hard currency system is a step in the right direction to make the kingdom more attractive to investment and turn it into a financial hub for Africa, a senior IMF official has said.
    Morocco recently launched a more flexible foreign exchange system under free-market reforms recommended by the International Monetary Fund to protect the North African economy against external shocks and safeguard its reserves.
    “It’s a reform that goes in the right direction,” Jihad Azour, director of the IMF Middle East and Central Asia department, told Reuters on the sidelines of an economic conference in Marrakech in Morocco last week.
    “It allows Morocco to be...more attractive for investors and to play its full role as regional financial centre, especially with the ambition of Morocco to service Africa in terms of financial services,” he said.
    Rabat has said it does not plan to follow the path of Egypt, which opted for a full float of its currency in one go.
    “I think the path of their reform has been designed with...our support. We were very much satisfied with the way they did it,” Azour said when asked whether Morocco should undertake more currency reform.
    He said Rabat’s abolition of most fuel subsidies and other market reforms had allowed Morocco to bolster economic growth, which was forecast at 4.5 % for last year. Growth in 2018 will be also positive, he said.
    Morocco has forecast GDP growth to slow to 2.8% this year though officials have said the currency move could add 0.2%.
    Morocco is among the most advanced Arab countries in liberalising its economy, he said. “They are on the right track.
    This is paying off.”
    Azour also said Tunisia was also heading in the right direction with recent free-market reforms and a 2018 budget that calls for price and tax increases.
    It was important to improve Tunisia’s business climate and continue reforms of the public sector — its public wage bill is around 15% of GDP, one of the world’s highest levels.
    Some of the reforms have sparked unrest by young people complaining they have become poorer than before Tunisia’s 2011 revolution as political turmoil and several Islamist militant attacks have deterred tourists and investors.
    “Any reform has its transition phase. During the transition phase what is important (is) to make sure they have the right mitigators, the right social programmes,” Azour said.
    A reform of Tunisia’s public sector and cuts to fuel subsidies that have benefited mainly rich people will free up state funds for more targeted social spending, he added.
    Regarding Egypt, also part of an IMF loan programme, Azour said the most populous Arab country was back on the path of growth thanks to a series of reforms.
    “We need to make the (Egyptian) private sector more comfortable in investing, put the private sector into the driver’s seat,” he said, adding that Egypt would benefit from a recovery of the US and European economies.
    Asked about further fuel subsidy cuts planned by Cairo, he said: “The pace and sequence is something the government is in charge of. I think it is going in the right direction, especially if oil prices go up.”
    Azour further said it was important for Gulf Arab countries to cut back state subsidies despite oil prices climbing back to $70 a barrel.

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